During period 2011-2015, vocational institutions in Thua Thien Hue have recruited and provided training for more than 80 thousand students (achieved 105% against original plan). However, vocational training in Thua Thien Hue faced many difficulties, the link between vocational training and addressing employment problem has improved but not highly effective. Forthcoming, the province will continue to undergo fundamental innovation in vocational training to provide momentum for developing, standardizing, modernizing vocational training in line with the demand for labor and for international integration.
Within next 5 years (2016 – 2020), Thua Thien Hue plans to recruit 47,500 laborers into vocational training at vocational college,
vocational secondary, vocational secondary level
Enhancing vocational training activities has contributed to the training of high quality technical workforce, sufficient in number, reasonable in term of occupational structure; being able to meet the demand for development of the sector, economic regions, especially provincial primary economic sectors. Quality and effect of vocational training has seen significant changes, a large portion of graduates from vocational colleges and vocational secondary school have found job or created their own employment after graduation. Despite of that, vocational training activity in Thue Thien Hue faced considerable number of obstacles, such as: limited public awareness of vocational training, as the result student recruitment in vocational training becomes increasingly difficult, especially student recruitment in vocational secondary schools at local level. Some new regulations in university, college student recruitment that have been promulgated such as elimination of minimum university, college entrance exam score; multiple entrance examinations are organized within a year…have substantially diminished the number of students opting for vocational training and professional secondary school. Aside from that, the effectiveness of utilizing vocational training facilities, equipment in vocational institutions is not relevant with the scale of investment. Some vocational training equipments have not been utilized for vocational training or organization of production at vocational training. The level of pro-activeness, dynamics, flexibility in organizing vocational training activities is not high, type of occupation is not diverse, varied. Many vocational training institutions have no conceptual breakthrough, still carry on the thought of government subsidy, especially financial subsidy, that explains why vocational training institutions are not attractive enough to lure students.
The link between vocational training and addressing employment problem has improved but the efficiency is not high. Due to the lack of harmonious coordination in training program, between the demand for labor from enterprise and the training content provided by vocational institutions so there remain situations where the laborers still have to be retrained by enterprise after their graduation. Structure of vocational training is not reasonable in terms of level and trained occupation (occupations such as cooking technique, social work, corporate accounting…account for majority (make up 63% of students at vocational college level and vocational secondary level); there is an obvious disparity in the level of vocational training (vocational college level and vocational secondary level account for a small proportion, training is primarily provided at vocational primary level and short-term vocational training). In response to those problem abovementioned, according to leader of Department of Labour – Invalids and Social Affairs in Thue Thien Hue, in upcoming period the province will continue to undertake robust, fundamental innovation in vocational training management to provide momentum for developing, standardizing, modernizing in line with demand for labor and for international integration
During next 5 years (2016 -2020), the province sets the target for recruiting 47,500 laborers into vocational training, in which vocational college level accounts for 9,750 people (accounts for 20.52%), vocational secondary school 10,250 people (accounts for 21.57%), primary vocational level and vocational training with duration of less than 3 months 27,500 people (accounts for 57.89%). Provide vocational training for 15,000 rural laborers; training for 2,500 government officials, civil servants at commune level, increasing the ratio of trained laborers to 68% by the end of 2020.
Estimated budget from the Training for rural laborers project and Vocational development project during period 2016-2020 is 96 billion dong.
In order to achieve those aforementioned objectives, the province will implement following solutions: Continue to improve, strengthen the institution and organization of vocational institutions, especially public vocational centers at commune level. Devise plan to increase the number of full-time teachers in primary occupations, pay more attention to provision of training for existing teachers.
Incorporate National Target Program, project, foreign-funded and domestic-funded project in order to mobilize social resources for the development of vocational training. Increase the level of pro-activeness in vocational training development, especially in financial autonomy. Continue to conduct review, adjustment, merger of vocational institutions for simplification and efficiency. Conduct the transfer of vocational equipment invested using government budget from the organizations who are utilizing the equipment ineffectively to those who have demand for them.
Provide a number of incentives to draw more resources within and outside the province for the development of vocational training (toward trained laborers, laborers who participating in transfer program, provide support to vocational learners, provide preference to those who are beneficiaries of some policies, ethnic minority, the disable and people of other marginalized groups; render support in tuition reduction, tuition exemption in several specific occupations, occupations with social demand but struggle to attract learners).
Enhance the linkage between vocational training and actual demand for labor in the province, area, primary economic zones and labor export. Increase the communication of labor within and outside the province in order to have better understanding for training plan and for addressing employment for laborers after graduation. Establish close linkage between vocational training institutions and labor market at all levels (province, district, commune) ensuring vocational training activities are directed toward meeting the needs of socio-economic planning, the needs of employers and the needs for employment./.