At the meeting worker organized by Vietnam General Confederation of Labour, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc affirmed, workers with technical skills are national assets. Because this is a source of economic development. Highly technical skill workers are an opportunity to compete when Vietnam integrates deeply into the world.
In this context, the vocational education system continuely to innovate, improve quality, not only meet the current requirements of the labour market, but also prepare appropriate human resources required of the industrial revolution 4.0
Solving stream problems
The quality and competitiveness of Vietnamese human resources are low compared to regional and international countries. The structure of trained labour is also unevenly distributed, concentrated in a number of service sectors and seriously lacking in processing industries, supporting industries... Lack of high-tech workers to provide for business industries in key and key economic sectors. The team of highly skilled workers develops slowly, failing to meet the recruitment needs of enterprises; Industrial behaviour and labour discipline have not come into order.
The rate of trained workers in our country is much lower than the target set by the XII Congress of the Party. This poses a major challenge for the vocational education system. Student recruitment for vocational education and training has changed positively. Stream of junior secondary schools always concerned, but the rate of junior secondary schools is limited.
Cohesion vocational education with the labour market
In 2018, the connection between vocational education to the labour market and sustainable employment has many positive changes. Mechanism of tripartite coordination: The State - schools - businesses are beginning to form and operate well in practice, through a coordination program between the Directorate of Vocational Education and Training and the Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry, and associations, corporations, large domestic and foreign enterprises.
Local have paid attention to activities associated with enterprises, vocational training institutions are more proactive and more convenient to find businesses are more active in approaching schools. Many training institutions have done this well: Dung Quat Vocational college of technique and technology (Quang Ngai), LILAMA 2 International Technology College (Dong Nai), Hanoi Vocational College of High (Hanoi), Cao Thang Technical College ( Ho Chi Minh City, Ly Tu Trong College (Ho Chi Minh City ... In which, Dung Quat Vocational college of technique anh technology has signed training contracts, providing human resources according to orders of enterprises in the province, with needs more than 16,000 employees for the period 2018-2020, Hanoi College of Mechanical and Electrical College signed a cooperation with more than 50 enterprises in training and manpower supply, Ly Tu Trong College (Ho Chi Minh City) has cooperated hundreds of businesses to train and supply human resources, all graduates are introduced by the school and businesses suitable for industry training...
The connection between schools and businesses creates strong effectiveness, the school trains according to orders of enterprises and enterprises participating in the recruitment process, building the output standards, training programs... helped lift high quality of output, learners meet the requirements of enterprises, access to the labour market, create decent works.
Vocational education institutions need specialized departments to maintain connection with businesses. Businesses also need policies to support the vocational education institutions, develop human resources strategies. The quality and effectiveness of vocational education training positively has changed.
In order for breakthrough solutions to innovate and improve the quality of vocational training to 2020 and the period of 2021-2030 effectively implemented, Deputy Director General of Directorate of Vocational Education and Training Truong Anh Dung also proposed, the Government shall specify the criteria into annual vocational education; The Ministry of Education and Training, relevant ministries, branches and localities coordinate closely with the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs to well implement the work of allocating junior and senior high school graduates to study the qualifications of vocational education according to Decision No. 522 /QD-TTg of the Prime Minister and a mechanism to assess and supervise the implementation of these targets in localities. At the same time, it is recommended to direct relevant ministries and agencies to complete policies and mechanisms to support and develop vocational education, such as tax incentives and policies to force enterprises to participate in vocational training activities; investment credit policies for vocational training institutions, preferential policies to create jobs and start up businesses ... Ministries, sectors and localities are interested in improving the capacity of state management agencies /departments dducation on both quantity and quality...