On 02nd December 2016, MOLISA, UNESCO and AFD co-organized a Seminar on “Vocational Education and Training: Towards a better implication of the private sector” in Hanoi. Dr. Doan Mau Diep, Deputy Minister of MOLISA, Assoc.Prof. Dr. Cao Van Sam and Mr. Rémi Genevey – Director of AFD in Hanoi attended and chaired the seminar. Attending in this seminar were Ms. Nguyen Thi Hang, former Minister of MOLISA, President of Vietnam Vocational Education and Training Association & Vocational Social Work; representatives of international organizations in Vietnam, experts from France/AFD, UNESCO; representatives of the Ministries, VCCI, General Directorate of Vocational Training; the DOLISAs, vocational education and training institutions, foreign and local enterprises.
Dr. Doan Mau Diep, Vice-Minister of MOLISA expressed a welcome and directed at the seminar
At the seminar, Deputy Minister of MOLISA – Dr. Doan Mau Diep mentionned the requirement of vocational education and training (VET) in the process of integration, which vocational training must connect closely with market and enterprises. Therefore, it is needed to improve training programs and curriculums to ensure the suitability with reality. Currently, Vietnam has only 33,6% VET institutions which is under private ownership and the number of private VET institutions will raise quantity in the near future. Deputy Minister desires that the Seminar will create opportunity to help the Government and authority agencies in process to building policies in order to attract implication of private sector in activities of VET. Deputy Minister thanked AFD and UNESCO for their support to Seminar implementation.
Mr.RémiGenevey, AFD Country Director spoke at the Seminar
At the Seminar, Mr. Rémy Genevey, Director of AFD Vietnam mentionned the importance of a strategy to support private sector such as: the support of finance for private sector to attract them to the implication of VET. Besides, there also needs the mechanism to attract young people to VET. He expressed that the representatives could contribute their ideas, discussions and recommendations in order to enhance the quality of Vietnamese vocational training and improve policies which including VET sector.
Assoc.Prof. Dr. Cao Van Sam, Deputy General Director of GDVT spoke at the Seminar
Assoc.Prof. Dr. Cao Van Sam confirmed unavoidable needs in the process of integration in general and the integration of market in particular. The Vietnamese Government has promulgated the national qualification framework which is aimed at improvement of training quality to satisfy the needs of integration. In Vietnam, VET can respond 3 necessary needs of the economic and social development: firstly, providing the human resource to serve the demand in agriculture section and new rural; secondly, providing the human resource with high quality for the process of industrialization and modernization in Vietnam; thirdly, providing the human resource to serve the integration and the implementation of bilateral and multilateral agreement. This human resource must reach the national and international standard. However, VET in Vietnam has also some difficulties such as: system has a lot of VET institutions but they are not strong. The quality of management capacity in VET institutions is low and does not satisfy need of enterprises. In the face of these situations, we need to build policies to engage enterprises in all training phases. VET Law specified the role of enterprises towards VET but mechanisms and policy to encourage enterprises which are building. Assoc.Prof. Dr. Cao Van Sam hoped that ideas were drawn from the Seminar which will help the Government to build the policy on VET.
The Seminar took place 4 sessions with the following contents: Session 1: Towards a better implication of private section in vocational training – Basic theory, method and the implementation way; Session 2: Finance in vocational training for the extension to ensure the fairness and quality; Session 3: Finance in Vietnamese vocational training; Session 4: The future challenges and recommendations to improve the implication of enterprises in Vietnamese VET. In all sessions, the representatives of VCCI, AFD Paris, consultant firms presented reports related to role of enterprises in VET; dialogue between public and private sector to improve the competition through the development of skills; synthetize the studies comparative with VET: the current situation and future perspective and recommendations to improve the implication of enterprises in VET system in Vietnam.
The representatives take a photo as a souvenir
The recommendations in seminar focused essentially in mechanisms, policies for support to attract private sector implication of VET in particular the process of enrolling, training and graduation of students. The participation of enterprises is necessary and it is one of the most important factor which decides the success of VET. If VET institutions can reach this task, VET is exceeded challenges and satisfy needs of economic and social development, international integration.